音乐季闭幕音乐会

  • 2022年06月26日 星期日 19:30
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导赏   在这场音乐会上,中国爱乐乐团用两部伟大的音乐作品,致敬20世纪影响最为深远的作曲家之一——德米特里·肖斯塔科维奇。他是马勒之后最杰出的交响曲大师,不论交响音乐、室内乐还是爵士乐、电影音乐、通俗音乐,肖斯塔科维奇都用大师的笔触写下了大量充满天才气息的乐曲,一方面勇敢地拥抱现代派技法,另一方面又为传统的赋格、帕萨卡里亚等传统复调形式注入新的活力;他传奇而坎坷的人生经历更是直到如今依然为人津津乐道。肖斯塔科维奇是一位永远不会过时的作曲家,他的作品总能给听者带来启迪与力量。

第一小提琴协奏曲创作于1947年至48年,是他6首协奏曲中编制最大的一首,作品是题献给小提琴家奥伊斯特拉赫,可惜当作品写成时,肖斯塔科维奇遭到日丹诺夫批判,他的作品被禁止演出。在此后的8年时间里,作曲家与奥伊斯特拉赫多次对这部作品进行了修改,终于成就了一部精雕细琢的杰作。1955年10月29日,这部作品终于在列宁格勒爱乐大厅进行首演,由奥伊斯特拉赫亲自担任独奏,穆拉文斯基率领的列宁格勒爱乐乐团担任伴奏。奥伊斯特拉赫曾说这部作品的小提琴部分是“莎士比亚式的角色”,事实上当我们欣赏这部作品时,很难不被其融合了粗犷的俄罗斯风情与古典悲剧式的博大情怀所感动。

肖斯塔科维奇的第八交响曲创作时间要稍早于第一小提琴协奏曲,它是作曲家在1943年夏天创作的,同年11月由穆拉文斯基指挥苏联交响乐团首演,这部作品也是题献给这位俄国最伟大的指挥家的。作品是用C小调写成,自从贝多芬第五交响曲之后,这个特殊的调性就被赋予了“悲剧性”的色彩,包括勃拉姆斯第一交响曲、布鲁克纳第八交响曲等名作都是用这个调性创作的。这部作品也确实是肖斯塔科维奇最具悲剧性的音乐作品之一,但也正因为这部作品,全曲迸发出一种无可阻挡的精神力量,让半个多世纪以来的音乐爱好者为之着迷。

本场音乐会由中央歌剧院音乐总监、杭州爱乐乐团艺术总监杨洋执棒。曾担任中国爱乐乐团助理指挥、常任指挥多年的杨洋对于听众来说非常熟悉,特别是他指挥演绎的大型交响乐作品每次都给听众留下深刻印象。小提琴家莱昂尼达斯·卡瓦科斯是当今最受欢迎的器乐演奏家之一,此前也多次与中国爱乐乐团有过合作,本场音乐会也将是他疫情之后的首次回归。


音乐季闭幕音乐会

Season Finale


德米特里·肖斯塔科维奇:A小调第一小提琴协奏曲,作品77

德米特里·肖斯塔科维奇:C小调第八交响曲,作品65


小提琴:莱昂尼达斯·卡瓦科斯

指挥:杨洋


小提琴:莱昂尼达斯·卡瓦科斯

莱昂尼达斯·卡瓦科斯 Leonidas Kavakos(希腊,生于1967.10.30-至今)现已成为罕见的优秀小提琴手和艺术家,他以其高度精湛的技巧和音乐才能被大家所熟知。

卡瓦科斯从小便受到舆论界的热切关注。1985年,卡瓦科斯在西贝柳斯国际小提琴大赛中勇夺桂冠。3年后,他又在帕格尼尼国际小提琴大赛中折桂。这些接踵而来的重量级奖项,使得他经常受邀前往欧洲、北美洲、远东各国巡回演出,名声也与日俱增。

如今,卡瓦科斯总是与世界知名的交响乐团以及指挥合作,表演遍布欧洲与北美,并定期在世界范围内的各大节庆日进行演出,他也在室内音乐以及独奏音乐中有所建树。

在最近几个音乐季中,卡瓦科斯经常同世界一流名团合作:柏林交响乐团、布达佩斯节日乐团、克利夫兰交响乐团、古斯塔夫?马勒青年管弦乐团、以色列爱乐乐团、斯卡拉爱乐乐团、莱比锡布店大厦乐团、伦敦爱乐乐团、伦敦交响乐团、马林斯基歌剧院管弦乐团、北德广播交响乐团、匹兹堡交响乐团、鹿特丹爱乐乐团、苏黎世音乐厅管弦乐团。此外,与卡瓦科斯合作的指挥家也是大有来头:布隆斯泰德、布列兹、多纳伊、杰捷耶夫、费舍尔、哈丁、梅塔、蒂勒曼、万斯卡。

2007年10月,卡瓦科斯继罗杰?诺林顿爵士后,成为萨尔斯堡室内乐团的艺术总监。在2008/2009音乐季演出中,他与萨尔斯堡室内乐团一同在维也纳、雅典、德国演出。此外,他还经常率团前往意大利、德国、西班牙、希腊进行巡回演出。2006年,卡瓦科斯与萨尔斯堡室内乐团在自己家乡雅典的艺术节上献艺,演奏了5部莫扎特的协奏曲、指挥了3部交响曲。其中协奏曲与《第39号交响曲》由索尼唱片公司录制发行,并广受好评,《星期日泰晤士报》就这样评价道:“卡瓦科斯对于这部降E大调交响曲的指挥,显示出其无与伦比的天才,同他作为小提琴家一样振奋人心”。

作为一名出色的室内乐手,卡瓦科斯同多位音乐家有过愉快的合作:席夫、顾德曼、艾克斯、沃格特、列恩斯卡娅。在2007/2008音乐季节演出中,他在意大利、巴黎、波尔多、马德里、毕尔巴鄂、哥本哈根、斯德哥尔摩、伦敦巡回演出,并在韦比耶尔艺术节与萨尔斯堡艺术节演出室内乐。

1991年,他所录制的西贝柳斯《小提琴协奏曲》赢得了《留声机》杂志颁发的大奖。此外,他录制的比利时作曲家伊萨伊的奏鸣曲、德彪西、克莱斯勒等人的作品都是不容错过的精品。而他录制的巴赫与斯特拉文斯基的作品,得到了《留声机》杂志的高度赞誉:“卡瓦科斯细致入微的演绎赋予了音乐一种充满无限感伤的美感……他演奏时所营造出的那份宁静与细节处的剖析,实在不容错过”。


指挥:杨洋

生于音乐世家,自幼学习钢琴,师从钢琴教育家李其芳教授。后随指挥家徐新、吴玲芬教授学习指挥,并以优异成绩考入中央音乐学院指挥系,师从著名指挥家、中央音乐学院院长俞峰教授。

2006年11月,在希腊举行的迪米特里·米特罗普洛斯国际指挥大赛中,杨洋以出色的表现和无可争议的优势一举夺得第一名,成为在这项顶级国际大赛中首位获此殊荣的中国指挥。

作为中国最活跃的指挥家之一,杨洋与国内所有主流交响乐团及歌剧院均保持着密切的合作关系。同时在德国德意志交响乐团、科隆爱乐乐团、斯图加特爱乐乐团、莱茵国立爱乐乐团、新勃兰登堡爱乐乐团;意大利维罗纳歌剧院、都灵皇家歌剧院、罗马交响乐团;法国戛纳交响乐团、波尔多交响乐团;西班牙瓦伦西亚交响乐团;希腊交响乐团、雅典室内乐团;韩国仁川爱乐乐团等众多国外乐团及歌剧院也成功的留下了他的足迹。

世界著名大提琴家雷因·哈雷尔、阿尔本·格哈德、王健、娜塔莉娅·古特曼;小提琴家马克西姆·文格洛夫、吉东·克雷默、宓多里、莎拉·张、奥古斯汀·杜梅、雷纳德·卡皮松、林昭亮;钢琴家加里·格拉夫曼、郎朗、巴瑞·道格拉斯、伊夫·蒂博戴、白建宇、木村峻·帕克;女高音曹秀美;男中音托马斯·汉普森;单簧管演奏家萨宾娜·迈耶、温泽尔·福克斯;圆号演奏家拉多万·弗拉特科维奇、斯蒂凡·道尔等以及几乎所有一流的中国音乐家都与他有过精诚的合作。

由于指挥大师余隆的慧眼独具,杨洋于1998年第一届北京国际音乐节上成功的开始了他的职业指挥生涯,并连续八届在北京国际音乐节上执棒歌剧与音乐会。2000年-2016年任中国爱乐乐团助理指挥、常任指挥。2006年赴韩国参加由指挥大师郑明勋主持的大师班。2009年,他参与并主持组建了杭州爱乐乐团。

从2009至今,杨洋即将率领杭州爱乐乐团迎来第十个音乐季。十年中他们成功的在德国麦克伦伯格音乐节、石荷州音乐节、意大利拉维罗音乐节、艾美利亚音乐节、陶尔米纳音乐节、斯洛文尼亚卢布尔雅那音乐节等欧洲著名音乐节登台亮相,并远赴俄罗斯及爱沙尼亚巡演。2018年杨洋执棒杭州爱乐乐团在希腊、保加利亚、罗马尼亚、塞尔维亚、匈牙利等一带一路五国的巡演赢得了欧洲观众的喝彩及国内外业界的高度评价与关注。

从指挥生涯开始到2016年任职中央歌剧院至今,杨洋指挥中国爱乐乐团、中央歌剧院及杭州爱乐乐团成功演绎了《费加罗婚礼》、《魔笛》、《茶花女》、《弄臣》、《图兰朵》、《蝴蝶夫人》、《艺术家生涯》、《乡村骑士》、《丑角》、《卡门》等世界经典歌剧,并在国内首演了《夜宴》、《狂人日记》、《红军不怕远征难》、《红色娘子军》、《玛纳斯》等中国歌剧。他指挥中央歌剧院《图兰朵》、《蝴蝶夫人》、《红军不怕远征难》在瑞士及意大利普契尼歌剧节的成功巡演更彰显出他在歌剧方面的过人才华。

杨洋现任中央歌剧院音乐总监、首席指挥;杭州爱乐乐团艺术总监、首席指挥。

作为原中国爱乐乐团助理指挥、常任指挥,杨洋曾与中国爱乐乐团有过许多次合作,上一次是在2019年2月24日,他在那场音乐会上指挥了普罗科菲耶夫与柴可夫斯基的音乐作品。

斯蒂芬与约瑟夫·韦恩伯格公司合作出版了许多原创音乐作品和手抄本,2007年3月,由他亲自指挥,与史蒂文·伊索利斯和皇家利物浦爱乐乐团合作演出了他的大提琴协奏曲《最孤独的荒野》的世界首演。同年,他的两首弥撒:《天真和体验弥撒》以及《神奇弥撒》分别在在威斯敏斯特修道院和威斯敏斯特大教堂进行首演。

斯蒂芬·贺夫还对当代音乐的发展做出了强有力的推动,乔治·桑塔吉斯、洛厄尔·利波曼恩以及詹姆斯·麦克米兰这些当代作曲家中的几位就曾为他写过作品,或是将要为他创作新的协奏曲。

在结束了与费城交响乐团、芝加哥交响乐团,以及洛杉矶爱乐乐团合作演出与弗莱米尔·朱若斯基指挥的俄罗斯国家交响乐团进行的美国巡演后,今年,斯蒂芬贺夫开始他的澳大利亚演出之旅,之后他在美国的阿斯本音乐节、卡内基音乐厅以及吉尔摩尔国际音乐节开办个人钢琴独奏音乐会。



Dmitry SHOSTAKOVICH: Violin Concerto No.1 in A minor, Op.77

Dmitry SHOSTAKOVICH: Symphony No. 8, Op.65


Leonidas KAVAKOS, violin

YANG Yang, conductor


Leonidas KAVAKOS, violin

Leonidas Kavakos is recognised across the world as a violinist and artist of rare quality, acclaimed for his matchless technique, his captivating artistry and his superb musicianship as well as for the integrity of his playing. He works with the world’s greatest orchestras and conductors and plays as recitalist in the world’s premier recital halls and festivals. He is an exclusive recording artist with Sony Classical.

The three important mentors in his life have been Stelios Kafantaris, Josef Gingold, and Ferenc Rados, with whom he still works. By the age of 21, Leonidas Kavakos had already won three major competitions: the Sibelius Competition in 1985, and the Paganini and Naumburg competitions in 1988. This success led to him recording the original Sibelius Violin Concerto (1903/4), the first recording of this work in history, and which won Gramophone Concerto of the Year Award in 1991.

Kavakos is now an exclusive recording artist with Sony Classics. His latest recording, to be released worldwide in October 2019 in anticipation of the 250th anniversary of Beethoven’s birth in 2020, is the Beethoven Violin Concerto which he conducted and played with the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra, coupled with the Beethoven Septet played with members of the orchestra. In the anniversary year, Kavakos will both play and play/conduct the Beethoven Violin Concerto with orchestras across Europe and the USA. He will also play the complete Beethoven Sonata cycle in Shanghai and Guangzhou, Milan and Rome, and a number of single Beethoven recitals in various cities including London’s Wigmore Hall, Barcelona, Parma and

Copenhagen.

In 2007, for his recording of the complete Beethoven Sonatas with Enrico Pace, Kavakos was named Echo Klassik Instrumentalist of the year. In 2014, Kavakos was awarded Gramophone Artist of the Year. 

Further accolades came in 2017 when Kavakos was awarded the prestigious Leonie Sonning Prize – Denmark’s highest musical honour, given annually to an internationally recognised composer, conductor, instrumentalist or singer. Previous winners include Daniel Barenboim, Leonard Bernstein, Pierre Boulez, Alfred Brendel, Benjamin Britten, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Yehudi Menuhin, Simon Rattle, Mstislav Rostropovich, Arthur Rubenstein and Dmitri Shostakovich.

August 2019 was a full and rewarding month: after the Verbier Festival where he appeared in recital with Evgent Kissin and conducted the Verbier Festival Chamber Orchestra in a programme in which he played Mozart’s Sinfonia Concertante with Antoine Tamestit, he joined YoYo Ma and Emanuel Ax at the Tanglewood Music Festival for a programme of Beethoven Piano trios, in a duo recital with Ax of Beethoven Sonatas, and in an orchestral concert with the Boston Symphony in which he played and conducted Beethoven’s Violin Concerto and Dvořák Symphony No. 7.

Kavakos was also invited as Artiste Etoile at the Lucerne Festival where he appeared with the Lucerne Festival Orchestra with Yannick Nézet-Séguin, Mariinsky Orchestra with Valery Gergiev, Vienna Philharmonic with Andes Orozco Estrada, and in recital with Yuja Wang.

In the 2019/20 season, in addition to concerts with major orchestras in Europe and the United States, Kavakos will once again join YoYo Ma and Emanuel Ax for three programmes in Carnegie Hall comprising Beethoven trios and sonatas. He will

undertake two Asian tours, first as soloist with the Singapore Symphony and Seoul Philharmonic and in recital in the NCPA Beijing, and then in the spring he performs with the Hong Kong Philharmonic and Taiwan National Symphony Orchestra, prior to

playing Beethoven Sonata Cycles in Shanghai and Guangzhou with Enrico Pace.

In recent years, Kavakos has succeeded in building a strong profile as a conductor and has conducted the London Symphony Orchestra, New York Philharmonic, Houston Symphony, Dallas Symphony, Gürzenich Orchester, Budapest Festival

Orchestra, Vienna Symphony, Chamber Orchestra of Europe, Orchestra dell'Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia, Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, Filarmonica Teatro La Fenice, and the Danish National Symphony Orchestra. In the forthcoming season he will return to two orchestras where he has developed close ties as both violinist and conductor: L'Orchestre de la Suisse Romande and L’Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio France. This season he also play/conducts the Czech Philharmonic, Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin, and the Orchestra Sinfonica Nazionale della RAI.

Born and brought up in a musical family in Athens, Kavakos curates an annual violin and chamber-music masterclass in Athens, which attracts violinists and ensembles from all over the world and reflects his deep commitment to the handing on of musical knowledge and traditions. Part of this tradition is the art of violin and bow-making, which Kavakos regards as a great mystery and to this day, an undisclosed secret. He plays the 'Willemotte' Stradivarius violin of 1734 and owns modern violins made by F. Leonhard, S.P. Greiner, E. Haahti and D. Bagué.


Yang Yang, conductor

Yang Yang, born in a musical family, learned piano with Prof. Li Qifang. Later, he learned conducting respectively with Prof. Xu Xin and Prof. Wu Lingfen, and then was admitted to the Conducting Department of Central Conservatory of Music, being one of the students of Prof. Yu Feng.

In November 2006, Yang won the first place for his outstanding performance at the Dimitris Mitropoulos International Competition for Orchestral Conducting in Greece. It’s the first time for the Chinese conductors to have such honor.

As one of the most active young conductors in China, Yang has maintained close partnership with all mainstream orchestras and opera houses domestically. Meanwhile, he has successfully left tracks at a host of foreign orchestras such as Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin, German Philharmonic Orchestra of Cologne, Stuttgarter Philharmoniker, National Rhine Philharmonic Orchestra, New Brandenburg Philharmonic Orchestra, Italian Verona Opera House, Teatro Regio Torino, Italian Rome Philharmonic Orchestra, French Cannes Symphony Orchestra, Bordeaux Symphony Orchestra, Valencia Orchestra of Spain, Greek Symphony Orchestra, Athenian Chamber Orchestra and Korean Incheon Philharmonic, etc.

He had sincere cooperation with world famous musicians such as cellists Lynn Harrell, Alban Gerhard, Wang Jian, Natalia Gutman, violinist Maxim Vengerov, Gidon Kremer, Midori, Sarah Chang, Augustin Dumay, Lenard Karpison, Cho-Liang Lin, pianists Gary Graffman, Lang Lang, Barry Douglas, Jean-Yves Thibaudet, Kun-Woo Paik, Jon Kimura Parker, soprano Sumi Jo, clarinetists Sabine Meyer, Wenzel Fuchs, French horn players Radovan Vlatkovic, Stefan Dohr, etc. Yang had also cooperated with all Chinese distinguished musicians.

Recommended by maestro Yu Long, Yang started his conducting career in the year of 1998, at the First Beijing International Music Festival (BMF). Since then, he conducted operas and concerts at BMF eight years consecutively. From 2000 to 2016, Yang Yang held the position as the Assistant Conductor and Resident Conductor of the China Philharmonic Orchestra (CPO). In 2006, Yang Yang attended an advanced training course hosted by maestro Myung-whun Chung in Korea. In 2009, he has presided over the founding of Hangzhou Philharmonic Orchestra (HPO).

Since 2009, Yang Yang and HPO had successfully completed ten music seasons, and performed at leading festivals including Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Festival, Schleswig-Holstein Musik Festival, Ravello Festival, Emilia Romagna Festival, Taormina Festival, Ljubljana Festival. He also toured with HPO extensively in Russia and Estonia. In 2018, Yang toured with HPO to Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia and Hungary, the Belt and Road countries, winning great applause and high critical acclaim at home and abroad.

From his conducting career to 2016, when he was appointed as Music Director and Chief Conductor of China National Opera House, Yang had conducted China Philharmonic Orchestra, China National Opera House and Hangzhou Philharmonic Orchestra and successfully demonstrated many of the great operas, such as Le Nozze di Figaro, Die Zauberflöte, La Traviata, Rigoletto, Turandot, Madama Butterfly, La Bohème, Cavalleria Rusticana, Pagliacci, Carmen, as well as many Chinese opera’s debut in China including Night Banquet, Wolf Cub Village, Songs Of The Long March, The Red Detachment of Women and Manas. Yang toured with China National Opera House to Swiss and Italy for Giacomo Puccini Opera Festival with Turandot, Madama Butterfly and Songs Of The Long March successfully, which drew broad attention internationally and showed his outstanding talents in opera conducting.

Yang Yang is now acting as Music Director and Chief Conductor of China National Opera House, Artistic Director and Chief Conductor of Hangzhou Philharmonic Orchestra.

Former Assistant Conductor and Resident Conductor of the China Philharmonic Orchestra, Yang Yang has collaborated with the orchestra countless times. The last time was on February 24th, 2019 when he conducted compositions by Prokofiev and Tchaikovsky.