刘孟捷的勃拉姆斯之夜(一)

  • 2018年06月16日 星期六 19:30
  • 购票指南中山公园音乐堂

导赏:德国作曲家约翰内斯·勃拉姆斯绝对是完美主义的代表,他一生艺术态度谨慎,撕掉或者禁止出版的作品也许比我们今天知道的要多。而真正我们今天知道的作品,曲曲都是精品。从这个角度来看,他对作品的苛求甚至超过了贝多芬。我们即将听到的是他的两首钢琴协奏曲。

和其他作曲家的钢琴协奏曲相比,它们最大的特点就是交响性,或者说可以称为带钢琴独奏的交响曲。勃拉姆斯让乐队和独奏声部担任平等的角色,独奏并不是绝对的主角。钢琴家除了展示有个性的独奏和辉煌的技巧之外,有时还要成为乐队的一个声部,乐队和独奏互相倾听,互相衬托。可以说,勃拉姆斯开创了协奏曲的一种新的概念。

勃拉姆斯创作第一钢琴协奏曲时,才20岁。那是在舒曼去世后不久,他在郁闷的心情下,和舒曼的遗孀,同时也是令他仰慕的克拉拉协商后写成的。到了他26岁时才首演。作品构思宏伟,音响上波涛汹涌。

他44岁时创作了第二钢琴协奏曲,到了48才首演。这首协奏曲到达了美轮美奂的境界,也是我个人更加喜爱的一首。勃拉姆斯把它称为“宛如意大利的暮春与初夏”。当时勃拉姆斯在南欧游览,心情非常开朗,这一切都反应在了作品当中。勃拉姆斯还在这首协奏曲中,开创四乐章的形式。

由一位钢琴家连续演奏这两首庞大的钢琴协奏曲,从来都是盛事。这样的钢琴家需要有辉煌的技巧,哲学的音乐思维,还有极好的体力。中国爱乐的乐迷都一定还记得在上一个音乐季中,钢琴家刘孟捷在一个晚上连续演奏了“拉二”和“拉三”两首高难度的协奏曲,然后意犹未尽,还加演了高难度的独奏作品。刘孟捷是担任这两首勃拉姆斯钢琴协奏曲的最佳人选之一。

刘孟捷毕业于被称为“天才摇篮”的美国柯蒂斯音乐学校,然后留校任教。他二十多岁就与多支美国顶级乐团合作演出。就在他事业蒸蒸日上的时候,他突发疾病,在医院里躺了一年多时间。他全身瘫痪,身体多处溃烂,几乎令他丧命。经过物理治疗,凭着他对音乐的热爱,他奇迹般地恢复了演奏机能,重新回到音乐舞台上。浴火重生之后,刘孟捷的演奏艺术得到了升华,乐思更具哲理性,音响更加宏大。

在两场音乐会上分别担任指挥的是两位极具天赋的青年指挥家,他们都备受国际乐坛的瞩目。中国指挥家黄屹早在学生时代就担任小泽征尔和蒂勒曼的助理,也从那时候就与中国爱乐的开始合作。他目前担任中国爱乐的指挥和昆明聂耳交响乐团的艺术总监和首席指挥。新加坡指挥家黄佳俊是获得马勒指挥比赛大奖的首位亚洲人,他即将上任德国纽伦堡交响乐团的首席指挥。这是他第二次与中国爱乐合作。他们分别指挥的勃拉姆斯《第一和第二小夜曲》,它们都是音乐会上难得听到的作品。两首《小夜曲》非常优美,曲风纯朴。

有机会聆听这样两场如此吸引人的音乐会,真是幸事。(张克新


 


刘孟捷的勃拉姆斯之夜(一)



约翰内斯·勃拉姆斯:A大调第二小夜曲,作品16

约翰内斯·勃拉姆斯:降B大调第二钢琴协奏曲,作品83



钢琴:刘孟捷

指挥:黄佳俊


钢琴:刘孟捷

荣获艾维理费雪职业大赏(Avery Fisher Career Grant)-钢琴家刘孟捷,於1993年以柯蒂斯音乐学院学生之姿,代替钢琴大师安德烈.瓦兹(André Watts)於费城音乐厅演出。这个完美的演出,让刘孟捷首度登上费城当地的新闻头条,赢得许多高度的赞赏。成功演出之后,一场场大型的音乐会邀约接踵而来,包括华盛顿肯尼迪中心的演出、费城的巨星系列音乐会,以及与费城交响乐团合作演出。蓄势待发的刘孟捷,其实早已是一位有许多演出经验与磨练的钢琴家,於1987年,即已登上纽约卡内基音乐厅的舞台;1991年受邀与纽约少年交响乐团同台演出。

刘孟捷的演奏事业正值蒸蒸日上时,却被一场突如其来的罕见疾病中断,亢奋的免役系统侵蚀了他全身的肌肉、皮肤、关节和心脏等组织。在住院一年多期间,历经瘫痪、全身无法动弹等状况的刘孟捷,也让医生一度认为他活下来的机会微乎其微,即使能侥幸存活,也不可能继续他的钢琴演奏生涯。但刘孟捷凭著坚毅的决心与严酷的物理治疗,通过重重考验,奇蹟似的恢复健康,并继续活耀在他的演奏舞台上。浴火重生之后,刘孟捷以独奏家的姿态重返舞台,除举办个人钢琴独奏会外,也与许多知名指挥和乐团交流,合作对象包含:克里斯托夫.艾森巴赫 (Christoph Eschenbach)、古斯塔夫.杜达美 (Gustavo Dudamel)、艾伦.吉伯特 (Alan Gilbert) 等大师。

2002年,刘孟捷获颁艾维理费雪职业大赏(Avery Fisher Career Grant)

及费城音乐基金会职业成就奖(Philadelphia Musical Fund Society Career Advancement Award) ,再度肯定他对音乐的执著与专业水準。2008年,刘孟捷也获选为中华民国第四十六届十大杰出青年,肯定他在音乐艺术上的成就。刘孟捷的演奏事业相当活跃,除在美国各大城市演出之外,更遍布台湾、香港、日本、韩国、中国、英国、法国、西班牙、保加利亚、委内瑞拉、纽西兰、澳大利亚等地。此外,刘孟捷亦十分热衷室内乐演出,与北美、欧洲、澳洲和亚洲许多音乐家多有合作,其中包含知名华人音乐家,如李心草、林昭亮、胡乃元、曾耿元等大师合作演出。

刘孟捷时常受邀参与世界各地的音乐节,并与各国知名音乐家与室内乐团合作演出,如:小提琴家-阿胥肯纳吉 (Shmuel Ashkenasi)、詹姆士.巴士威尔 (James Buswell)、温迪.华纳 (Wendy Warner)、大提琴家-大卫.索耶 (David Soyer)、伯纳德.格林豪斯 (Bernard Greenhouse),以及巴洛米欧 (Borromeo String Quartet)和圣劳伦斯 (St. Lawrence String Quartet)弦乐四重奏。除了与音乐相关的演出之外,刘孟捷也曾与舞蹈巨星-米夏.巴瑞希尼可夫 (Mikhail Baryshnikov) 和白橡木舞蹈计划等,积极参与跨领域的表演艺术演出。刘孟捷的现场音乐会,时常被电台频道转拨;台湾的电视台也曾将刘孟捷人生故事作成特辑拨出。

2013/14的乐季,刘孟捷将与高雄市立交响乐团合作巡演、国立台湾交响乐团,及中国国家交响乐团共同演出。近年来,刘孟捷在演奏事业上,设立了许多新的目标,期许自己能为莘莘学子与观众们留下一些纪录与想法。除了曾完整演出录制舒伯特钢琴奏鸣曲外,目前他正在执行演出布拉姆斯全系列钢琴独奏作品的三年计划;一月时也和台北市立交响乐团录制了贝多芬第四号与第五号钢琴协奏曲,於台湾发行;2014年底,与北京紫禁城室内乐团合作,演出曲目包含三个世界首演的作品,作曲家用新的乐曲、乐器形式,融合中西方乐器谱写而成。另外,刘孟捷也致力於发展慈善事业,由衷的期许能借由音乐,带给社会一股祥和正面的能量。

刘孟捷出生于台湾高雄,曾就读于高雄盐埕国小及台北师大附中国中部音乐班,师事李金里老师及宋允鹏教授。13岁获台湾区音乐比赛少年组第一名,14岁获得亚太少年钢琴大赛冠军,立刻受到台湾及国际乐坛的瞩目。刘孟捷随即负笈柯蒂斯音乐学院,跟随Jorge Bolet、Claude Frank及Eleanor Sokoloff等大师学习。16岁时荣获米耶克兹洛孟兹钢琴比赛(Mieczyslaw Munz Competition)以及史特拉汶斯基分龄国际大赛(Stravinsky Competition)首奖。

除拓展演奏事业外,刘孟捷在教育传承上也相当顷心顷力,其教学也深获学生们的推崇与肯定。自1993年开始任教于柯蒂斯音乐院,他同时担任过十多年的室内乐演奏教研部主任;2006年受邀至芝加哥罗斯福大学 (Roosevelt University)担任钢琴教授;在2014年秋天加入新英格兰音乐学院 (New England Conservatory)的师资阵容。刘孟捷於2009年加入芝加哥独奏家乐集 (Chicago Chamber Musicians),目前担任音乐总监一职,其演出被《芝加哥古典乐评》讚誉为「完美无瑕,周衍且均衡的钢琴演奏」。


指挥:黄佳俊

黄佳俊近几年来数次参加重要的指挥竞赛并获奖,如2011年克罗地亚“洛夫罗·冯·马塔契奇”及2013年“乔治·埃内斯库”交响乐国际指挥竞赛。他曾在2012年获得“李光耀”奖学金在柏林音乐学院继续深造。在2011年和2012年美国科罗拉多州的“阿斯本”音乐节上他担任了罗伯特·斯帕诺指挥家的助手指挥。他也参加了另外一些著名指挥家的“指挥大师课程”:伯纳德·海挺克、佩卡·洒落能、约玛·帕努拉或是尤里·西蒙诺夫。他的导师是库特·马祖尔,从2012年至2014年期间从师于这位导师,这样有机会指挥莱比锡交响乐团、波罗的海“年轻”交响乐团、曼哈顿音乐学院的交响乐团以及东京“洗足学园”交响乐团。这些合作的高峰是,被马祖尔大师邀请在2013年9月份莱比锡市著名的“杰万”交响乐团作为他的助手指挥。黄佳俊热心促进新音乐,指挥香港“新音乐”交响乐团,在2014年在国际巡回演出时,参加北京新音乐节、泰国国际作曲节以及越南-欧洲当代音乐节。在2014年至2015年的演出季节,黄佳俊将与布加勒斯特、克拉约瓦市、布拉索夫市和锡比乌市的交响乐团合作主持音乐会。



Johannes Brahms: Serenade No.2 in A major, Op.16

Johannes Brahms: Piano Concerto No.2 in D major, Op.83



Meng-chieh Liu, piano

Wong Kah Chun, conductor


Meng-chieh Liu, piano

A recipient of the prestigious Avery Fisher Career Grant, Meng-Chieh Liu first made headlines in 1993 as a 21-year-old student at The Curtis Institute of Music when he substituted at last minute's notice for André Watts at the Academy of Music in Philadelphia. The concert earned high acclaim from critics and audience alike, and was followed by a number of widely praised performances, including a recital at the Kennedy Center and a concert on the Philadelphia All-Star Series. Already an accomplished artist at the time, Mr. Liu had made his New York orchestral debut two years earlier.

Following Mr. Liu's triumph in Philadelphia, an appearance with the Philadelphia Orchestra was immediately scheduled, but it was not to be. The stellar beginning of his career was abruptly halted by a rare and debilitating illness that affected his connective tissues. Hospitalized and almost immobile for a year, doctors believed his chances for survival were slim and, should he survive, playing the piano would be "absolutely impossible."  With arduous determination and relentless physical therapy, Mr. Liu has been restored to full health and is now once again performing on the concert stage. Since then, he has performed throughout the world as a soloist in recitals and with orchestras under conductors Christoph Eschenbach, Gustavo Dudamel and Alan Gilbert. In 2002, Liu received the Avery Fisher Career Grant and the Philadelphia Musical Fund Society Career Advancement Award. A sought-after musician and strong advocate of chamber music, Liu performs in music festivals across the globe and has worked with international musicians Shmuel Ashkenasi, David Soyer, Bernard Greenhouse, James Buswell, Wendy Warner as well as the Borromeo and St. Lawrence Quartets. Liu also collaborates with artists in varied disciplines, such as Mikhail Baryshnikov and the White Oak Dance Project, among other dance companies.  His concerts have been heard over the airwaves around the world, and a biography on his life was broadcast on Taiwanese National Television.

During the 2013-14 season, Meng-Chieh Liu will tour with the Kaoshiung City Symphony Orchestra. He also will appear with the Taiwan National Symphony Orchestra and the China National Symphony Orchestra. This season he also starts a three-year project to perform all the solo piano works by Johannes Brahms. In January a recording of Beethoven Concertos No. 4 and 5 with the Taipei Symphony Orchestra is released in Taiwan.  

Born in Kaohsiung, Taiwan, Meng-Chieh Liu began his piano studies early, and at age thirteen was accepted by The Curtis Institute of Music to study with Jorge Bolet, Claude Frank, and Eleanor Sokoloff, and received first prizes in the Stravinsky, Asia Pacific and Mieczyslaw Munz piano competitions.  Since 1993, Liu served on the piano and chamber music faculties at The Curtis Institute of Music where he coordinated the piano chamber music program from 1999-2009, and in 2006, he was invited to teach at Roosevelt University. Starting in the Fall of 2014, Liu will also join the faculty at the New England Conservatory. Liu also joined Chicago Chamber Musicians in the fall of 2009, and now serves as Artistic Director of the ensemble, where performances have already been acclaimed for his "faultless, discreetly balanced pianism" (Chicago Classical Review).


Wong Kah Chun, conductor

Hailed by Musical America for the depth and sincerity of his musicality, the Singaporean conductor Kahchun Wong came to international attention as winner of the Mahler Competition in May 2016, following in the footsteps of Gustavo Dudamel, who immediately appointed him as a Conducting Fellow with the Los Angeles Philharmonic for the 2016/2017 season. Following a remarkable last-minute debut with the Nuremberg Symphony Orchestra in October 2016, he was appointed as its next Chief Conductor from the 2018/2019 season.

Highlights in 2017 and 2018 include European debuts with the Czech Philharmonic, Konzerthausorchester Berlin, Orchestre Capitole du Toulouse, Staatskapelle Weimar, Staatsphilharmonie Rhineland-Pfalz, Orchestre Philharmonique du Luxembourg, Teatro lirico Giuseppe Verdi di Trieste and Orquestra de València, Asian debuts with the Tokyo Philharmonic, Tokyo Symphony, Kanagawa Philharmonic, National Symphony of Taiwan and Shenzhen Symphony, as well as re-invitations to the Bamberg Symphony, China Philharmonic, George Enescu Philharmonic, Kunming Symphony, Shanghai Symphony and Singapore Symphony. Together with the Nuremberg Symphony, he will embark on an extensive tour of China in December 2017, and in summer 2018, lead Klassik Open Air, the largest European outdoor festival of classical music.

A protégé of the late Kurt Masur, Wong had the privilege of sharing the podium together with him in his last years on multiple occasions. He has also assisted Gustavo Dudamel and Esa-Pekka Salonen with the Los Angeles Philharmonic, as well as Valery Gergiev and Yannick Nezet-Seguin with the Rotterdam Philharmonic. In January 2018, he will travel with Ivan Fischer and the Budapest Festival Orchestra on its North American tour. 

Wong began musical studies on the cornet at the age of 7. After serving as a military musician in the Singapore Armed Forces for two years, he studied composition at the Yong Siew Toh Conservatory of Music in Singapore and conducting at the Hanns-Eisler Musikhochschule in Berlin. He has studied with Bernard Haitink twice at the Lucerne Easter Festival, Robert Spano at the Aspen Music Festival and Gustav Meier at the Cabrillo Festival for Contemporary Music, where he was a recipient of the Bruno Walter Conducting Scholarship.