交响音乐会

  • 2018年05月20日 星期日 19:30
  • 购票指南北京音乐厅

导赏:对于美国音乐界来说,科普兰是一个地位极高的存在,高到哪怕你不喜欢他,在某些场合可能你也觉得不太适合表达出来 。当然,科普兰在美国20世纪音乐中的地位,也的确可以说是当之无愧的。作为传奇的法国作曲教师娜迪亚·布朗热的学生,科普兰并不想成为一个欧洲音乐风格的追随者。在1924年回到纽约后,他显然对创立植根美国本土音乐和文化的风格更感兴趣,而他也的确做到了。在他的很多代表作品中(比如《林肯素描》,《第三交响曲》),你都可以听到一些典型的美国式音乐语言,甚至是一些电影配乐的风格。

《阿巴拉契亚之春》可能是作曲家代表作中最让人熟知的一首,也是最具有美国本土风格的作品之一。 作品描述了美国大陆早期开拓者的故事。作为一部芭蕾舞配乐,最初版本是1944年首演的为13件乐器而作的室内乐,一年后才改编成听众今天更熟悉的管弦乐版本。这部组曲中引用了一首19世纪美国本土曲调《简单的礼物》,也成为了全曲中最为人熟知的段落。

20世纪上半叶对于欧洲来说是一个沉重的历史时期。纳粹势力的兴起,使得众多犹太裔音乐家背井离乡,移居美国。他们中包括克伦佩勒、瓦尔特、勋伯格、魏尔等,以及埃里希·沃尔夫冈·科恩戈尔德。1897年出生于奥地利的科恩戈尔德,9岁时被马勒称作“天才”,11岁时在维也纳上演自己的芭蕾舞剧并大获成功,13岁时创作的钢琴奏鸣曲被钢琴大师施纳贝尔在欧洲巡演中演出。虽然以一个古典音乐作曲家的身份取得了早期的成功,但是在30年代逐渐定居洛杉矶后,科恩戈尔德将自己的大部分创作重心转移到了好莱坞电影配乐上,并且成为了好莱坞电影配乐风格的早期重要奠基人。

科恩戈尔德的音乐风格继承了德奥晚期浪漫主义的深厚传统,并且在此基础上发展出了鲜明的个人风格。他的D大调小提琴协奏曲作于1945年,虽然是一部纯粹的德奥浪漫主义协奏曲形式的音乐会作品,但音乐语言无时无刻不在激发好莱坞电影般的情绪体验和画面感,尤其是第三乐章,每次主题在乐队全奏中出现时,都仿佛让人看到好莱坞经典喜剧片或动画片中的那些轻松又热闹的场景。

另一位20世纪美国音乐的重要人物乔治·格什温,作为一个受过系统古典音乐训练的钢琴家和作曲家,却对爵士乐有着深厚的兴趣。格什温早年去巴黎,分别找过拉威尔、斯特拉文斯基、米约等著名欧洲作曲家,想和他们学习作曲,可是出于各种原因,没有人愿意教他。 虽然巴黎的求学生涯并不顺利,但巴黎的见闻,仍然为作曲家带来了灵感,最终支持他完成了管弦乐作品《一个美国人在巴黎》。

格什温的另一部脍炙人口的作品《蓝色狂想曲》,以钢琴协奏曲的方式,将古典音乐的形式和爵士乐的内容进行了完美的结合。这部作品也奠定了格什温在美国严肃音乐界的地位。另一个值得一提的史实是,《蓝色狂想曲》首演的时候,钢琴声部的乐谱是没有写出来的,所以,作为钢琴独奏的格什温,很大程度上即兴出了钢琴声部。今天的听众,如果可以以一种欣赏即兴演奏的心态去再听这一部作品,可能会有一番别样的感受。潘行紫旻(作曲家)


 


交响音乐会



乔治·格什温:蓝色狂想曲

埃里希·沃尔夫冈·科恩戈尔德:D大调小提琴协奏曲,作品35

阿伦·科普兰:阿帕拉契之春

乔治·格什温:一个美国人在巴黎



小提琴:黄蒙拉

钢琴/指挥:韦恩·马歇尔


小提琴:黄蒙拉

黄蒙拉是当今国际乐坛最活跃的小提琴家之一,22岁便获得第49届帕格尼尼国际小提琴大赛金奖,并因囊获此届比赛的“帕格尼尼随想曲演奏奖”和“纪念马里奥罗明内里奖”,被誉为“东方的帕格尼尼”。 

黄蒙拉精湛的演奏技术和细腻丰富的音乐情感,使演奏既彰显冷静的光芒,又感人至深,令世界各地的古典音乐爱好者为之倾倒,成为古典乐坛备受瞩目的人物。

黄蒙拉出生于上海,曾师从张欣、俞丽拿教授、乔治·帕克教授(György Pauk)以及托马斯·布兰蒂斯教授(Thomas Brandis),并先后毕业于上海音乐学院、英国皇家音乐学院和德国吕贝克音乐学院。

作为小提琴独奏家,黄蒙拉长期与各国顶尖乐团及著名指挥合作。合作过的乐团包括德累斯顿国家管弦乐团、班贝格交响乐团、斯图加特广播交响乐团、汉堡交响乐团、丹麦国家交响乐团、瑞士巴塞尔交响乐团、卢森堡爱乐乐团、法国尼斯爱乐乐团、捷克爱乐乐团、贝尔格莱德爱乐乐团、日本NHK交响乐团、日本爱乐乐团、上海交响乐团、墨西哥国家交响乐团、香港管弦乐团等;合作过的著名指挥有尼姆·雅尔维、 乔纳森·诺特、 余隆、亨里克·谢弗、艾度·迪华特、汤沐海、吕嘉、托维·布兰维尔等。

2007年4月,黄蒙拉于纽约林肯中心艾丽斯托尼音乐厅及波士顿乔顿音乐厅举办了美国首演。同年12月于北京担任国家大剧院开幕音乐会演出嘉宾。2008年5月成为第一位于久负盛名的“布拉格之春”音乐节举行小提琴独奏会的中国艺术家,并取得巨大成功。

2009/10音乐季他参与了更多重要演出,包括台湾的帕格尼尼音乐节,并与瑞士巴塞尔交响乐团及日本NHK交响乐团分别在中国及日本巡回表演。随后与德国汉堡交响乐团首次合作演出。2011年伊始,黄蒙拉与另一著名德国乐团—德累斯顿国家管弦乐团合作,成功地进行了中国巡演。并在同捷克爱乐的巡演中拉开了2011/12音乐季的序幕。12年7月受邀赴德国再次同德雷斯顿国家管弦乐团合作,同年3月与墨西哥国家交响乐团在墨西哥巡演,均获得巨大成功。13年与德国老牌武藤堡室内乐团和捷克布拉格室内乐团在中国的巡演也引得了一致好评。2014年,他与意大利贝里尼歌剧院乐团及维也纳交响乐团等乐团合作巡演,下半年还将在日本与意大利展开一系列演出。

除了帕格尼尼赛事上所获得的奖项,他得到的其他奖项包括:2001年日本仙台国际小提琴比赛金奖及观众奖,2000年波兰列宾斯基—维尼亚夫斯基国际小提琴比赛银奖、观众奖。2007年,黄蒙拉获得了戴维·马丁/弗洛兰斯·胡顿协奏曲大奖和里奇基金会大奖。同年,为了表彰黄蒙拉的艺术成就,意大利著名品牌Montegrappa为这位年青的杰出小提琴演奏家颁发了Genio Creativo艺术大奖,以肯定他在古典艺术领域的贡献。2014年担任中国唯一的古典音乐频率FM.947的形象大使,推动古典音乐在中国的发展。为发掘培养下一代小提琴顶尖人才,黄蒙拉应邀担任日本仙台国际音乐大赛等国际国内重大赛事的评委,以及多个音乐节、大师班的特聘小提琴教授。

黄蒙拉的个人专辑由环球唱片Deutsche Grammophon(DG)独家出版发行。《Violin Show Pieces》于2005年发行。《Violinissimo》于2008年推出。《Paganini 24 Caprices》于2011年发行。成为第一个与环球DG品牌合作的中国小提琴家。


钢琴/指挥:韦恩·马歇尔

韦恩·马歇尔作为指挥家、管风琴家和钢琴家,足迹遍及世界各地。从2014-15音乐季开始,他成为科隆西德广播通俗管弦乐团的首席指挥。同时,他还是米兰威尔第交响乐团的首席客座指挥。

2014-15年重要的演出有,9月6日任职西德广播乐团的首场演出,客席指挥巴黎管弦乐团、布鲁塞尔爱乐、蒙特卡洛爱乐、图卢兹首都国家管弦乐团、法国里尔国家管弦乐团。歌剧演出有,在柏林德意志国家歌剧院指挥《坎迪德》、《马哈格尼》的复排。与莫斯科室内歌唱团演出《波吉与贝丝》,并在俄罗斯巡演。

在广受好评的柏林德意志国家歌剧院新制作《坎迪德》首演之后,2011年秋天,他再次回到那里,做复排演出。第二年,他在罗马歌剧院指挥了同一部歌剧。他还指挥了为格什温百年纪念而举行的《波吉与贝丝》演出。近期客席指挥的乐团有,布拉班茨管弦乐团、科隆西德广播乐团、凯鲁比尼管弦乐团、图卢兹首都国家管弦乐团、莫斯科室内合唱团和佛罗伦萨五月音乐节,以及他常年合作的威尔第乐团(《波吉与贝丝》)、冰岛交响乐团、斯德哥尔摩皇家爱乐、五月音乐节、里尔国家管弦乐团、斯特拉斯堡爱乐、德累斯顿爱乐和卢森堡爱乐、莱比锡格万特豪斯管弦乐团。他曾与维也纳交响乐团、都灵广播交响乐团、哈雷交响乐团、圣切西利亚交响乐团、BBC交响乐团、伦敦交响乐团。近几年,他在华盛顿、达拉斯指挥歌剧演出,并与新世界交响乐团在英国喜歌剧院演出歌剧。

作为管风琴家,他在世界各地演出,曲目十分广泛。2004年,他在洛杉矶沃尔特·迪斯尼音乐厅作管风琴揭幕独奏会。近几年的独奏会在佛罗伦萨大教堂、卢森堡爱乐音乐厅、巴黎圣母院、皇家阿尔伯特音乐厅、斯图加特修道院教堂和北京国家大剧院,以及1997年逍遥音乐会最后一夜和2008年首夜演出。近期的独奏音乐会将在布里奇沃特音乐厅、多特蒙德音乐厅。作为钢琴家、指挥家和管风琴家,他与许多交响乐团合作演出,包括,洛杉矶爱乐(世界首演麦克米兰的管风琴协奏曲《一个苏格兰的寓言》)、瑞典和慕尼黑广播交响乐团、克劳迪奥·阿巴多指挥的柏林爱乐。他经常作为钢琴家与伦敦交响乐团合作。近期的演出有,与西蒙·拉特爵士指挥的柏林爱乐演出,与丹麦国家交响乐团合作、与鹿特丹爱乐演出。

他经常与演歌俱佳的金·克里斯维尔在独奏会和乐团项目中合作。他经常指导年轻乐团和音乐学院乐团。最近,他就给曼彻斯特契天音乐学校、加拉加斯的委内瑞拉青少年乐团系统教授大师班。

他与多个重要的唱片厂牌合作录音,并因《格什温歌本》CD获得德国回声奖。2004年,他荣获普茨伯恩大学荣誉博士学位,并于2010年成为皇家音乐学院的成员。



George Gershwin: Rhapsody in Blue

Erich Wolfgang Korngold: Violin Concerto in D major, Op. 35

Aaron Copland: Appalachian Spring

George Gershwin: An American in Paris



Mengla Huang, violin

Wayne Marshall, piano/conductor


Mengla Huang, violin

As one of the most active violinists in the world stage, Mengla Huang occupies a unique position in his native land brimming with astonishing talents. Huang came to international attention after taking first prize at the prestigious Premio Paganini International Violin Competition in Italy in 2002, where he was also awarded with the Renato De Barbieri Memorial Award for the best interpretation of Paganini's Caprices, and the Mario Ruminelli Memorial Award.

As a concert artist, his brilliant technique and unique interpretations have fascinated audiences throughout Asia, Europe and North America. He has performed with many of the world’s finest orchestras including the Dresden Staatskapelle, Bamberg, Danish National, Mexico, Norrköping, Singapore, Sendai, NHK, and Tokyo Symphony Orchestras, the Luxembourg, Nice, Czech, Belgrade, Osaka, Kyoto, Japan, and Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestras, and in his native land the China National, and Shanghai Symphony Orchestras, among many others. Conductors with whom he has collaborated include names such as Neeme Järvi, Jonathan Nott, Long Yu, Mario Venzago, Henrik Schaefer, Muhai Tang, Nicola Luisotti, Edo de Waart, Nikolaj Znaider, Jahja Ling, Jia Lü, Ryusuke Numajiri, Thomas Dausgaard, and Tovey Bramwell.

In April 2007, Huang gave his New York debut at Alice Tully Hall, Lincoln Center and his Boston debut at the Jordan Hall, and the following year toured both Asia and Italy, debuting at Dvorak Hall during the 63rd Prague Spring Festival in May.  He capped the year with an invitation to perform at the grand opening gala of the National Centre for the Performing Arts in Beijing.

The 2009/10 Season saw further debuts and honours, including a featured performance at the ‘Paganini Festival’ in Taiwan, engagements with the Hamburger Symphoniker, Shanghai Symphony Orchestra and Macao Orchestra, a Japan tour with the NHK Symphony Orchestra and a China tour with the Basel Symphony Orchestra. 

At the beginning of 2011, he initiated cooperation with the renowned Dresden Staatskapelle and toured together in China and Germany. Then his tour with Czech Philharmonic Orchestra was marked as the prelude of 2011/12 season. In March 2012, he received great success after the Mexican tour with Maxico National Symphony Orchestra, and the following July he performed with Dresden Staatskapelle again in Germany. 

In 2013 he toured with the renowned Württemberg Chamber Orchestra and Prague Chamber Orchestra in China with applauds from the critics and audiences. The year followed by a series concerts in Japan and Italy.

Born after 1980s in Shanghai, Mengla Huang passed his educational years with three great violinists in three most prestigious musical institutions and achieved his degrees separately, these names include Prof. Lina Yu from Shanghai Musical Conservatory; Prof. György Pauk from Royal Academy of Music,UK; and Prof. Thomas Brandis from Musikhochschule Lübeck, Germany.

In addition to the Paganini prizes, Huang was awarded the Gold Medal and Public Prize in the 2001 Sendai International Music Competition in Japan; Best Performance Prize in the 2001 Shanghai Spring International Festival, and the Second Prize in the 2000 Lipinsky and Wieniawsky International Violin Competition in Poland. In 2007, he received the first Montegrappa’s Genio Creativo Award, an annual international award for young talented artists who represent creativity and innovation in different fields of art from different countries. In the same year he also received a series of awards from Royal Academy of Music Foundation and Ricci Foundation. In 2009, he was invited to take the position as the Young Artist in Residence of Shanghai Grand Theatre and the Education Ambassador in Residence of Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra.

Mengla Huang is a recording artist of Universal Music. 2005 saw his debut album Violin Showpieces on Deutsche Grammophon. His second recital album also released on Deutsche Grammophon, a collection of works written by violinist-composers titled Violinissimo, was released in 2008. His latest recording project was the 24 caprices by Paganini, which was released in 2011. He is the first Chinese violinest who records for DG exclusively.


Wayne Marshall, piano/conductor

From Cradle to the Stave

Wayne’s relationship with music began at an early age. By the age of three, he had already familiarised himself with the piano, and only began to take formal lessons a few years later.

From student to Maestro

Wayne was a student at Chetham’s School of Music in Manchester from 1971 to 1979. He won a Foundation scholarship to the Royal College of Music in London, which was combined with the post of Organ Scholar at St George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle, and was a Post Graduate student at the Hochschule für Musik in Vienna from 1983-84.

Finding a Voice

Wayne’s musical forays led him to experiment in multiple genres, including church music and jazz, but quickly found his professional voice as an organ/piano recitalist. His first recorded work goes as far back as 1990, recorded at the organ of Coventry Cathedral, for EMI.

Waving the Baton

This was also the time in which Wayne began to find his footing as a conductor, a path that would see him working with some of the world’s most accomplished orchestras. Wayne feels at home on the podium directing and conducting as well as being a soloist. He is a man with two gifts and one legacy.

Living in Fortissimo

Wayne’s concert diary has been quite full over many years. Some of the most noteworthy opera conducting achievements include Washington, Dallas, Montreal, Paris, (Opéra Comique) Rome and Dresden Semperoper.

Further guest conducting appearances in 2016 included performances with the Royal Scottish National Orchestra, Taipei Symphony and the Malaysian Philharmonic, and he also gave a solo performance at the BBC’s Ten Pieces Prom at the Royal Albert Hall in London. He has performed many times at the BBC Proms in previous years, and was a co-presenter for the Barenboim Prom in 2014.

Recognition for Good Conduct

Wayne’s merits have not gone unrecognised. He was the BBC Music Magazine’s Artist of the Year in 1998. In 2004, Wayne received an Honorary Doctorate from Bournemouth University, and in 2010 became a Fellow of the Royal College of Music. 2016 proved to be another significant year for Wayne, as he received the prestigious Golden Jubilee Award in commemoration of his services to music.

Echoing Similar Sentiments

As a recording artist, one of Wayne’s most notable achievements was receiving an ECHO (Deutscher Schallplattenpreis) award for his Gershwin Songbook piano album.

A Marshall that Never Rests

Wayne has never been one to rest on his laurels, and the busy schedule that lies ahead is proof of this. Wayne’s calendar is brimming, particularly his work with the WDR. Other performances on the horizon are with the Leipzig Gewandhaus, Czech Philharmonic and the Vienna Symphony orchestras.

An Einstein on Bernstein

One of Wayne’s most anticipated projects is conducting the Orchestre de Paris in 2018, in a performance of Leonard Bernstein’s Mass. Interpreting the music of Bernstein is considered to be one of Wayne’s biggest strengths, and so this performance will certainly be one to keep an eye out for.

Further Ventures across the World

In addition to his engagements as a conductor, Wayne will still be travelling the world as a concert organist, with performances at the Moscow House of Music, Lotte Hall in South Korea and the Davies Symphony Hall in San Francisco.