交响音乐会

  • 2018年01月20日 星期六 19:30
  • 购票指南中山公园音乐堂

导赏:这是一场以竖琴为主角的音乐会。竖琴是世界上最古老的弹拨乐器之一,最早的竖琴起源于公元前3500年的苏美尔(位于巴比伦南部)。早期的竖琴只具有按自然音阶排列的弦,所奏调性有限。之后竖琴乐器的演变,有一大部分是为了克服调性及半音的限制。踏板竖琴(pedal harp)的演变,可推至17世纪末、18世纪初。当时有单一动作踏板竖琴(single-action pedal harp),莫扎特的《长笛与竖琴协奏曲》,第一次就是用这种竖琴演出。踏板竖琴就是用脚控制踏板来升高半音。单一动作的踏板,只有两个凹槽,踏板由上凹槽到下凹槽,只动作一次,能演奏的调性仍然有限。

到了19世纪初,S·埃拉尔(Sebastien Erard)发明了双次动作踏板竖琴(double-action pedal harp),因为又多加一个凹槽,踏板可以动作两次,所以每根弦可以弹奏三个半音。至此,竖琴发展为可以弹奏所有调性的乐器,而现今音乐会中所使用的有四十七根弦,七个踏板组成的音乐会用踏板竖琴(concert harp),就是从埃拉尔竖琴慢慢改进而来。

这场音乐会上的第一部作品,就是随着埃拉尔竖琴的诞生而出现的。法国作曲家弗朗索瓦-阿德里安·布瓦尔迪厄早年学习演奏管风琴和钢琴,后定居巴黎。1797年他的第一部歌剧《有罪的女儿》上演获得成功,当时他年仅22 岁。之后他任教于巴黎国立音乐学院。从19世纪初,他开始频繁为竖琴谱写作品。他在移居巴黎后遇到了双次动作踏板竖琴的发明者S•埃拉尔,随之在1800-1801年创作了这部C大调竖琴协奏曲。

埃利亚斯·帕里什·阿尔瓦斯(Elias Parish Alvars)是一位英国的竖琴家和作曲家,出生于1808年。他在竖琴发展历史中具有很高的地位,柏辽兹称他为“竖琴上的李斯特”,他写道: “阿尔瓦斯毫无疑问将竖琴技巧的运用和产生的音效达到了一个前所未有的高度,他谱写的竖琴曲目优美又充满活力”。这首双竖琴协奏曲,很好的展现了阿尔瓦斯一贯的写作风格,声音极富吸引力。

本场音乐会的另外两部作品,德彪西的《大海》副标题为“为管弦乐团所作的三幅交响素描”,作曲家用音乐的笔触描绘出了大海之美的三个侧面,这也许是用音乐写景的最著名的代表之一。与写景的《大海》形成对比的则是保罗·杜卡叙事性的《魔法师的学徒》,将歌德笔下的这个著名的故事写得活灵活现。这两部作品中同样也能听到竖琴独特的音色。郭悦(竖琴演奏家,中国爱乐乐团竖琴首席)


 

交响音乐会



弗朗索瓦-阿德里安·布瓦尔迪厄:C大调竖琴协奏曲

埃利亚斯·帕里什·阿尔瓦斯:D小调双竖琴协奏曲

克劳德·德彪西:大海,为管弦乐团所作的三幅交响素描

保罗·杜卡:魔法师的学徒



竖琴:夏维耶·德·梅斯特、郭悦

指挥:夏小汤


竖琴:夏维耶·德·梅斯特

“纯粹的音乐——夏维耶·德·梅斯特是一位最高等级的音乐家,他音乐才华出众,擅长从音乐里捕捉到大量细节。”

《留声机》杂志

夏维耶·德·梅斯特是少数拥有改变其手中乐器定义能力的独奏家之一。除了演奏大量由凯雅·萨里亚霍等作曲家们专门为他写作的作品之外,他还能以惊人的准确度演奏如斯梅塔纳《我的祖国》这样原本是为整支交响乐团所写的竖琴独奏改编作品。这些作品对于他之前的绝大多数竖琴演奏家来说都是不可思议的,他也因此被认为是当今最具创新力与最杰出的音乐家之一。

夏维耶·德·梅斯特曾与许多世界知名的指挥大师合作,其中包括贝特朗·德·比利,里昂内尔·布灵吉耶,丹尼埃勒·加蒂、克里斯蒂安·雅尔维、费利佩·乔丹、里卡尔多·穆蒂、安德里斯·奥尔兹克-埃斯特拉达与安德烈·普列文等。他曾登上的顶级音乐节包括了石荷州音乐节、萨尔茨堡音乐节、布达佩斯之春音乐节与纽约完全莫扎特音乐节。与他合作演出室内乐的搭档包括戴安娜·达姆娆、玛嘉利·莫斯尼埃、丹尼尔·穆勒-朔特、拜芭·斯科里德与阿拉贝拉·施丹巴赫等。

德·梅斯特在2016-2017音乐季中将在东京三得利音乐厅首演凯雅·萨里亚霍为他创作的竖琴协奏曲。这个音乐季里的亮点还包括了与威廉·克里斯蒂指挥的繁盛艺术古乐团演出一套灵感来自玛丽·安图瓦耐特的节目,这套节目会在欧洲许多大都市巡演。此外他还在这个音乐季里与苏黎世市政厅管弦乐团、伦敦爱乐乐团、法国广播爱乐乐团、芬兰广播交响乐团以及萨尔茨堡莫扎特乐团等合作。此外他还将赴亚洲、北美洲与南美洲演出,与读卖日本交响乐团、香港管弦乐团、圣保罗国立交响乐团以及蒙特利尔交响乐团等合作。他还作为独奏家在琉森KKL音乐厅、巴登-巴登节日大厅举办独奏音乐会。

德·梅斯特是索尼音乐独家签约录音艺术家,他们合作录制发行了海顿、罗德里戈、吉纳斯特拉与德彪西的音乐作品,其中德彪西的录音在2009年赢得了古典回声大奖“年度器乐独奏家”奖。2012年他的专辑“威尼斯之夜”出版发行,并跻身古典音乐榜单中最畅销的10张唱片之一。他最近发行了与戴安娜·达姆娆合作的DVD,以及莫扎特钢琴协奏曲改编成竖琴作品的CD。2015年春天,“沃尔塔瓦河-浪漫主义专辑”出版,其中包括了许多斯拉夫作曲家的曲目,这张专辑获得了很高的评价。

夏维耶·德·梅斯特出生于土伦,9岁起开始学习竖琴。他在巴黎求学,1998年赢得了印第安纳州布鲁明顿国际竖琴比赛的冠军,此后他成为了加入世界知名的维也纳爱乐乐团的第一位法国音乐家。2001年起,夏维耶·德·梅斯特在汉堡音乐学院任教,此外他还在纽约朱莉亚音乐学院、东京东邦大学与伦敦圣三一音乐学院等举行大师班。夏维耶·德梅斯特演奏Lyon & Healy品牌的竖琴。

本场音乐会是夏维耶·德·梅斯特第一次与中国爱乐乐团合作。


竖琴:郭悦

郭悦,现中国爱乐乐团竖琴演奏家。以优异成绩毕业于耶鲁大学音乐学院并获硕士学位。曾获北美弦乐教师协会独奏大赛竖琴专业青年组第一名,美国安妮·亚当斯(Anne Adams)竖琴比赛金奖,同时获得John Escosa纪念基金奖,以及世界著名竖琴厂商Lyon & Healy设定的特别奖。在美期间曾被特邀在纽约举办的美国竖琴大会上演奏,并受邀在2017年第13届香港世界竖琴大会上进行独奏演出。郭悦参加了各类乐队与重奏的演出,曾考取并担任世界著名音乐节坦格伍德国际音乐节乐团(Tanglewood Music Festival) 竖琴首席, Round Top国际音乐节竖琴首席。另外, 除了担任耶鲁音乐学院爱乐乐团及奥柏林交响乐团竖琴首席之外,郭悦还曾作为美国纽黑文及奥柏林现代音乐室内乐团的竖琴首席,积极参与对各类现代音乐的研究与演奏。郭悦曾合作过的世界著名指挥家包括迪图瓦、德国科隆爱乐乐团首席指挥比契科夫、前克利夫兰艺术总监Christoph von Dohnányi、费城交响乐团客座首席指挥Stéphane Denève、余隆、俞峰等,合作过的当代世界著名作曲家包括乔治·本杰明(George Benjamin)、陈其钢、谭盾等,并得到各位指挥家及作曲家的一致赞誉。同时,郭悦也是CCTV光荣绽放十大青年竖琴演奏家之一。

郭悦在耶鲁大学音乐学院期间,获全额奖学金,师从于著名竖琴演奏家、教育家June Han教授。 2007年毕业于中央音乐学院附中,师从我国著名竖琴教育家魏林林教授,在附中六年的学习中,多年荣获各类优秀学生奖学金。2007年以全额奖学金考取美国奥柏林音乐学院(Oberlin Conservatory),师从美国著名竖琴演奏家、教育家Yolanda Kondonassis教授,获学士学位。另外,在耶鲁大学与奥柏林大学就读期间,曾担任两位教授的助教,负责协助June Han教授和Yolanda Kondonassis教授辅导本科生的专业教学工作。


指挥:夏小汤

1981年5月25日出生于北京,自幼学习钢琴,11岁考入中央民族大学音乐学院附中,主修钢琴。曾先后从师于赵屏国教授和石叔诚教授。16岁考入中央音乐学院指挥系,跟随著名指挥家俞峰教授学习交响乐队指挥。学习期间,连续五年获得学校的各项奖学金。2001年被评为北京市三好学生。2002年被学校保送为研究生,继续跟随俞峰教授学习交响乐队指挥。2005年9月毕业于中央音乐学院指挥系并留校担任教学工作,任指挥系主科老师和中国青年交响乐团常任指挥,成为中央音乐学院最年轻的主科老师。

在校期间,多次与作曲系合作,指挥、排练新作品的首演,并参加了炎黄杯获奖作品音乐会、中韩现代音乐节及北京国际现代音乐节的演出,凭借良好的指挥技术和对现代音乐的准确理解获得了作曲系师生的高度赞誉。2003年底带领中国青年交响乐团在珠海演出,反响十分热烈。2005年开始连续带领中国青年交响乐团在北京各个高校举行几十场音乐会,反响十分热烈。2006年荣获第二届全国指挥比赛第一名。

他近年来不断应邀指挥国内各大职业乐团。2005年指挥深圳交响乐团演出第一届中国作曲博士作品音乐会大获成功,受到了在场十几位专家的一致称赞。2005年同深圳交响乐团合作第一届中国作曲博士作品音乐会,所有作品均为首演,获得空前成功,赢得了在场几十位音乐家和终身教授们的广泛赞誉、2006年带领中国青年交响乐团录制并出版发行了马思聪先生的《大提琴协奏曲》、《小提琴协奏曲》、《双小提琴协奏曲》。年底CCTV电视台又录制了夏小汤指挥的肖斯塔科维奇《第十交响乐》。2007年再次执棒深圳交响乐团成功举行了第三届中国作曲博士作品音乐会。之后开始长期与中国爱乐乐团合作,成功的在全国进行了多次巡回演出,同时和Akiko Suwanai一起在北京和广州演出柴可夫斯基《D大调小提琴协奏曲》。2008年指挥中国爱乐乐团在北京大学演讲并讲解德沃夏克《第八交响乐》赢得了全场观众的热烈喝彩。2009年指挥中国爱乐乐团和广州交响乐团在国内首演了André Jolivet的作品。2007年又成功地指挥演出了第三届中国作曲博士作品音乐会。同年开始兼任中国爱乐乐团助理指挥一职,指挥了多场高水平的音乐会,受到了主流媒体的广泛称赞。还曾经与深圳交响乐团、 天津歌剧舞剧院、山东交响乐团、中央歌剧院、北京交响乐团、昆明交响乐团、上海爱乐乐团、广州交响乐团等职业乐团合作过,担任了大量的排练、演出、录音等工作,他以准确、严谨、精练、激情的指挥风格在各大职业乐团广受好评。



Francois-Adrien Boieldieu : Harp Concerto in C major

Elias Parish Alvars: Double Harp Concerto in D minor

Claude Debussy: La mer, trois esquisses symphoniques pour orchestre

Paul Dukas: L'apprenti sorcier



Xavier de Maistre & Guo Yue, harps

Xia Xiaotang, conductor


Xavier de Maistre, harp

“Pure Music [...]. Xavier de Maistre is a virtuoso of the highest order, profoundly musical and capable of realizing a remarkable range of nuance.”

—Gramophone

Xavier de Maistre belongs to an elite category of soloists who are redefining what is possible with their instrument. Aside from commissions from composers such as Kaija Saariaho, he performs works like Smetana’s “Ma Vlast" with breathtaking precision, presenting masterful arrangements of works that are usually played by an entire orchestra. The interpretation of these works, that few harpists before him have even considered playing, has contributed to his reputation as one of the most creative and extraordinary musicians of his generation.

Xavier de Maistre has appeared with major orchestras under the direction of such eminent con- ductors as Bertrand de Billy, Lionel Bringuier, Daniele Gatti, Kristjan Järvi, Philippe Jordan, Riccardo Muti, Andrés Orozco-Estrada and André Previn. He performs at many leading international festivals, including Schleswig-Holstein Music Festival, Salzburg Festival, Budapest Spring Festival and Mostly Mozart in New York. He collaborates with such chamber music partners as Diana Damrau, Magali Mosnier, Daniel Müller-Schott, Baiba Skride and Arabella Steinbacher.

The 2016/17 season begins for de Maistre with the premiere of a harp concerto written for him by Kaija Saariaho at Suntory Hall in Tokyo. Another highlight is the programme inspired by Marie Antoinette with Les Arts Florissants under William Christie, which will tour to European capitals. Other engagements include with the Zurich Tonhalle Orchestra, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio France, Finnish Radio Symphony and the Salzburg Mozarteum Orchestra. Further afield he travels to Asia, South and North America, working with Yomiuri Nippon Symphony Orchestra, Hong Kong Philharmonic, Orquestra Sinfonica do Estado de São Paulo and Montreal Symphony Orchestra. He appears as a solo recital artist at such centres as KKL Luzern and the Festspielhaus Baden-Baden.

De Maistre has an exclusive recording contract with Sony Music. Releases have included music by Haydn, Rodrigo, Ginastera and Debussy – the latter for which he was awarded the Echo Klassik Award 2009 as “Instrumentalist of the Year”. In 2012 “Notte Veneziana” was released and entered the top ten in the classical music charts. Most recent releases include a DVD with Diana Damrau and a CD recording of Mozart piano concertos arranged for harp. In spring 2015, “Moldau – The Romantic Album” was released, a recital CD featuring Slavonic repertoire, which received high critical acclaim.

Xavier de Maistre was born in Toulon and began studying harp aged nine. He studied in Paris and in 1998 he was awarded first prize at the International Harp Competition in Bloomington, Indiana, immediately becoming the first French musician to join the ranks of the prestigious Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra. Since 2001 Xavier de Maistre has taught at the Hamburg Academy of Music. He also gives regular masterclasses at New York’s Juilliard School of Music, Tokyo’s Toho University and London’s Trinity College of Music. Xavier de Maistre plays a Lyon & Healy harp.


Guo Yue, harp

Yue (Grace) Guo is currently the harpist of China Philharmonic. She received her Master degree from Yale School of music, under the direction of renowned harpist June Han. 

In 2012, Grace Guo won the Anne Adams Awards from the American Harp Society. She was the first prize winner in the senior division of the harp competition in the American String Teachers Association (ASTA) Solo Competition in 2011. She was also the winner of the Ohio String Teacher Association Solo Competitions in 2008 and 2010.

In 2017, Grace Guo was invited to play in the 13th World Harp Congress in Hong Kong. She also appeared on American Harp Society Conference in New York, China Central TV – “Top ten harpists of China” in nationwide broadcasts etc. In addition, Grace was awarded a fellowship to Tanglewood in the summer of 2013. She was also awarded a full scholarship to attend the Round Top International Music Festival in 2009. 

Grace Guo has worked with many world renowned conductors, such as Charles Dutoit, Semyon Bychkov, Christoph von Dohnányi, Stéphane Denève, Long Yu and Feng Yu etc. In 2013, she played the American premier of George Benjamin’s opera “Written on Skin” under the baton of the composer himself, which received high praise by the composer.   She has also toured the USA, Canada, Japan, Greece, Cuba etc. 

Grace received her bachelor degree from Oberlin Conservatory and studied with the world renowned harp soloist Yolanda Kondonassis. She was also a student of Linlin Wei while she was studying at the middle school of Central Conservatory of Music in Beijing. 


Xia Xiaotang, conductor

Xia Xiaotang is one of the leading figures in China’s music scenario. He currently serves as Associate Professor at China Central Conservatory of Music, and holds many distinguished posts such as Chief Conductor of China Youth Symphony Orchestra and Principle Conductor of the China Philharmonic Orchestra. A multi prize winner, he received the Golden Prize at China International Conducting Competition in 2006, and his long collaboration with the Chine Philharmonic Orchestra started from the year after. He has also worked with many orchestras of international fame such as Shanghai Symphony Orchestra, China National Symphony Orchestra, Besançon Symphony Orchestra, hr-Sinfonieorchester Frankfurt, Orchestra of Oper Frankfurt, Cadaques Orchestra, Guangzhou Symphony Orchestra, the Symphony Orchestra of the Music Academy of Seoul, Korea, the Symphony Orchestra of America, San Francisco Baroque Orchestra, Shenzhen Symphony Orchestra, China National Opera House, Beijing Symphony Orchestra, Hangzhou Philharmonic Orchestra and Guiyang Symphony Orchestra.
He has cooperated with numerous nationally and internationally famous performers and composers, including Tan Dun, Krzysztof Penderecki, Jian Wang, Lang Lang, Sun Xiuwei, Alain Lefèvre, Akiko Suwanai, Yuja Wang, David Fray, Khatia Buniatishvili, Nelson Freire, Anne-Akiko Myers, Emmanuel Pahud, Xue Wei, Lü Siqing, Ye Xiaogang, Guo Wenjing and Tang Jianping. His discography included Beethoven’s Symphonies No.5 and No.7 as well as Shostakovich’s Symphony No.10, all with the China Philharmonic Orchestra. He has also recorded Mahler’s Des Knaben Wunderhorn with baritone Yuan Chenye, Prokofiev’s Piano Concerto No.3 with Yuja Wang, Concierto de Aranjuez with Xuefei Yang, the Yellow River Cantata with Pu Cunxin, Liao Changyong, Wang Xiufen and Zhang Jianyi. Warmly welcomed among Chinese singers, he is invited to work with celebrated ones such as Song Zuying, Dong Wenhua, Zhang Ye, Yan Weiwen, Jiang Dawei, Tong Tiexin, Wu Bixia and Lü Jihong, just to name a few. He collaborates frequently with “China’s 3 Tenors”, an ensemble formed by Dai Yuqiang, Wei Song and Warren Mok. Xia conducts more than 50 concerts annually worldwide. He is seen on numerous performances of “Cultures of China, Festival of Spring” hosted by Overseas Chinese Affairs Office of the State Council in many international cities with significant amount of Chinese residence. His concert tour with celebrated singer Song Zuying across the east and west coasts of the United States was enthusiastically welcomed. In 2015 he led the China Philharmonic Orchestra a stunning concert tour of Central Asia, Western Asia and Europe. He further toured with China Philharmonic Orchestra in 2016 by giving concerts in Southeast and Soush Asian countries. His precise and delicate style of conducting contemporary music won him praise from distinguished composers, such as Tan Dun (Water Music and Paper Music), Qigang Chen (“Yuan” and Instants d'un Opera de Pekin) and Krzysztof Penderecki (Threnody to the Victims of Hiroshima). He has also worked with pop stars including Jay Chou, John Legend, Zhang Liangying, Sun Nan, Chris Botti, Phoenix Legend and Yang Kun.
Xia Xiaotang is currently serving as the General Music Director of the "Triple Senior" Symphony Orchestra. "Triple Senior" Symphony Orchestra is consisted of senior national cadres (Ministers and above), senior military officers (Major Generals and above), senior professors (tenured professors and full professors). In the performance in December 2012 at the National Center for the Performing Arts, many national leaders and over a hundred ambassadors attended and spoke highly of the conductor. The concert went unprecedentedly successful. Now Xia Xiaotang is leading the "Triple Senior" (now renamed as Starry Sky Symphony Orchestra), vigorously promoting and disseminating classical music in China, and actively promoting "Musicalizing China". 
As the principal conductor of China Youth Symphony Orchestra, Xia Xiaotang has been committed to the building and developing the orchestra, leading the orchestra in hundreds of concerts in cities both domestically and internationally, touring Europe in numerous times. In 2008, the orchestra performed Richard Strauss's "Don Juan" and Rachmaninoff's Symphony No.2 in Seoul, winning warm tears from the audience with their passionate and profound musical performance. In the past years have Xia led the orchestra to London, Vienna, Berlin, Geneva and Krakow, just to name a few. In recent years, they have performed in National Centre for the Performing Arts Mahler's "First Symphony," "Fifth Symphony", Beethoven's "Fifth Symphony", "Ninth Symphony," Berlioz’s “Symphonie Fantastique", Richard Strauss’ “Till Eulenspiegel" and " Ein Heldenleben ", Debussy ‘s “La Mer” and other large-scale symphonic works, with rigorous, accurate, passionate, and unrestrained conducting style. Every show left many wonderful moments of extraordinary excitement, widely praised by musicians. Many mainstream media have reported him, calling him "highly gifted conductor", "every cell of his is conducting music", "a conductor expressing music with soul songs", "his gestures have clearly explained the full content of the music", as well as "a conductor for perfectly enjoying music and vision".